Dr. Shweta Gupta is consultant implantologist & dentist in Ashok Vihar, Model Town, Shakti Nagar, Kanhaiya Nagar, Keshav Puram & Shalimar Bagh, having the degree of B.D.S. She has also the certificate of P.G.D.H.H.M. She is having certificate of MS in Implantology from U.C.L.A. from USA. She practices at her clinic Delhi Dental Solutions which is one of the best dental clinic in Ashok Vihar with all ultra-modern equipment including OPG for full mouth x-ray.
As Dr. Gupta suggests, Dental Implants have several Types and Classification
Implant Dentistry is a boon for restoration of missing teeth for human beings. It overcomes several drawbacks of other orthodox methods of restoring old teeth for example like with the help of removable prosthesis and fixed prosthesis.
Basically, implantation can be defined as the insertion of any object or material into the human gums which is alloplastic in terms of its nature either partially or completely into the gums for therapeutic, experimental, diagnostic or prosthetic purposes.
Mr. Per Ingvar Branemark is hailed as the modern father of Implant Dentistry worldwide. His revolutionary technique of implantation has several advantages like:
-It overcomes the drawback of any removable prostheses which gives it durability
-Bone maintenance of height and width is taken care of
-Implants are ideally aesthetic tooth positioning which is an easy to carry out process for the patient
-It does not harm the psychological health of the patients rather it improves the psychological health of the patient.
-It very efficiently increases the stability of the jaw in chewing various types of foods.
-It is also very helpful in having increased and longer retention of the teeth.
-One important feature of an implant is it completely works without the requirement of an adjacent teeth for a support.
There are several types of Dental Implants which are as follows:
1) Designed on the basis of the design of the implant
2) Designed on the attachment mechanism
3) Formed as macroscopic body design
4) implants based on the surface of the material and
5) based upon the type of the material used
There are several classifications done on the basis of the implant design as well which include designs like Endosteal, Subperiosteal, Transosteal, Intramucosal, Root Form, Blade Form etc.
-Endosteal Implant Includes one device which would be located in the alveolar bone and the basal bone of the mandible or maxilla. One important factor is it transects only one coprtical plate.
-Blade Implant, as it suggested it consists of few thin plates in the formation of blades which are embedded into the jaw bone.
-Root form implant- One of the most common implants, it is designed to copy the shape of the teeth and it is also used for directional load distribution
-Subperiosteal Implants are directly placed under the periosteum overlying the bony cortex
-Transosteal implants are also known as staple bone implant along with mandibular staple implant and transmandibular implant. It combines the subperiosteal and endosteal components plus it penetrates both of the cortical plates
-Intramucosal Implants are inserted into the oral umcosa and the mucosa is used as an attachment site for the metal inserts in the jaw.
There are classification of the implants based on the macroscopic body design of the implant as well which are
f) Hollow or Solid
There are several types of implants done on the basis of their surface as well; such as:
There are numerous types of the implant material nowadays which are available across markets such as:
1) Metallic Implants- Most popular material in use today is Titanium in this category though other metallic implants such as stainless steel, cobalt chromium molybdenum alloy and vitallium are also used for such purposes.
2) Ceramic & Ceramic Coated implants- These materials are often used to coat the metallic implants and such ceramics could either be plasma sprayed or coated to produce bio active surface. They are non-reactive ceramics materials are also available in the current market.
3) Polymeric Implant- In the form of polymethylmethacrylate & polytetrafluoroethylene and are used only in the roles of adjuncts stress distribution along with implants rather than their usage as implants itself.
4) Carbon Implants- These are made up of carbon with stainless steel contents
Disadvantages of having implants:
- These are pricey affairs for a common man
- It consumes good amount of time in several sessions
- They cannot be recommended for customers who do not have a history of quick recovery from health issues
- and last but not the least, it also depends upon a person's body adaptation of the bone tissue in order to have it successfully done on to them.
Dr. Shweta Gupta is an expert and one of the best-known names in Delhi/NCR in dental treatments such as Restorative (Dental Restorations, Crowns, Bridges), Prosthetic (Dentures), Endodontic (Root Canal) therapy, periodontal (gum) therapy, and exodontias (extraction of teeth), Dental Implant in Ashok Vihar, Tri Nagar, Shastri Nagar, Model Town & Shalimar Bagh.